Paper 1 Reading Material

Social Influence - Zimbardo

Zimbardo (1973) conducted an extremely controversial study on conformity to social roles, called the 'Stanford Prison...

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Social Influence - Authoritarian Personality

Psychologists have examined dispositional (internal) factors that also contribute to obedience. One particular characteristic...

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Social Influence - Minority Influence

It’s not just majority influence that people conform to; minority influence can also cause a change in people’s behaviour and...

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Social Influence - Social Change

The power of minority influence: Minorities are essential to change in society. If minorities did not exist and were not...

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Attachment

According to psychologist Mary Ainsworth, "attachment" may be defined as "an affectional tie that one person or animal forms...

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Attachment - Animal Studies of Attachment

Two studies that are important for you to know and understand were conducted by Harlow (1958) and Lorenz (1935). Make sure you...

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Attachment - Bowlby

Psychologist John Bowlby is generally thought of as the father of attachment theory. He defined attachment as a "lasting...

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Attachment - Cross Cultural Variations

Ainsworth's 'Strange Situation' procedure has had a profound impact within developmental psychology and has become an accepted...

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Attachment - Institutional Care

The effect of institutional care was investigated by Hodges Tizzard (1989) in a longitudinal study which followed the...

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Psychopathology - Abnormality Defined

​Abnormality can be defined as a deviation from social norms This means that we label people as abnormal if their behaviour is...

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Psychopathology - Becks Model

Beck developed a cognitive explanation of depression which has three components: cognitive bias; negative self-schemas; the...

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Psychopathology - Ellis Model

Ellis took a different approach from Beck (the cognitive triad) to explaining depression and started by explaining what is...

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